Board Policy Descriptor Code: EEE
WELLNESS POLICY Adopted: July 6, 2006
The Macon County Board of Education is committed to providing a school environment that enhances learning and development of lifelong wellness practices. The board recognizes the link between student health and learning and desires to provide a comprehensive program promoting healthy eating and physical activity in students.
To accomplish these goals:
· Macon County School Nutrition Program complies with federal, state and local requirements. The School Nutrition Program is accessible to all children.
· Nutrition education is provided and promoted.
· Patterns of meaningful physical activity connect to students’ lives outside of physical education.
· All school-based activities are consistent with local wellness policy goals.
· All foods and beverages made available on campus (including vending, concessions, a la carte, student stores, parties, and fundraising) during the school day are consistent with the current Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
· All foods made available on campus adhere to food safety and security guidelines.
· The school environment is safe, comfortable, pleasing, and allows ample time and space for eating meals. Food and /or physical activity is not used as a reward or punishment.
- Nutrition education will be integrated into health education or core curriculum such as math, science, language arts and social studies.
- The staff responsible for nutrition education will be adequately prepared.
- Nutrition education will promote fruits, vegetables, whole-grain products, low-fat and fat-free products, healthy food preparation methods and health-enhancing nutrition practices.
- Nutrition education will involve sharing information with families and the broader community to positively impact students and health of the community.
- Students will be encouraged to start each day with a healthy breakfast.
- To maintain food safety and prevent food borne illness, school staff must understand the principles of food safety and continuously monitor factors that may place foods prepared or served at school at risk for contamination.
- Hand washing is critically important as a strategy for preventing food borne illnesses.
Schools should allot time in the school schedule for students to wash hands before eating school meals. Schools should attempt to provide warm water to all student and staff. Schools should make available soap, paper towels and supplies in a clean restroom environment to all students and staff. Hand washing education will be reinforced at all grade levels.
- Administration in each school will be encouraged to change the name of health class to wellness class.
NUTRITION GUIDELINES FOR ALL FOODS ON CAMPUS
- Classroom snacks feature healthy choices.
- Nutrition education is incorporated during classroom snack times, not just during meals. Food and beverages sold at and for fundraisers include healthy choices and provide age appropriate selections for elementary school, middle school and high school.
- USDA regulations prohibit the sale of non-nutritional foods and carbonated beverages during meal times in the cafeteria at all school levels. Students are not allowed to leave campus for lunch; and no carbonated drinks will be allowed in the cafeteria during the lunch period. Lunches sent with students when they come to school in the morning in lunch boxes or plain bags are allowed.
- To encourage students to eat a healthy, nutritious meal, a student must consume a lunch prior to purchasing extras sold in the cafeteria.
- The National Association of State Boards of Education recommends that students should be provided adequate time to eat lunch, at least 10 minutes for breakfast and 20 minutes for lunch, from the time the student is seated. Schools will encourage socializing among students, and between students and adults.
- Dining areas are attractive and have enough space for seating all students.
- Food is not used as a reward or a punishment for student behaviors, unless it is detailed in a student’s Individualized Education Plan (IEP).
- School personnel will assist all students in developing the healthy practice of washing hands before eating.
- School personnel will be discouraged from assigning silent lunch to entire lunch groups or classes. Discipline should only be directed toward individual students.
FOOD SAFETY/FOOD SECURITY
- All foods made available on campus comply with the state and local food safety and sanitation regulations. Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points plans and guidelines are implemented to prevent food illness in schools.
- For the safety and security of food and facility access to the food service operations are limited to Child Nutrition staff and authorized personnel.
CHILD NUTRITION OPERATIONS
- The child nutrition program will aim to be financially self-supporting. However, the program is an essential educational support activity. Budget neutrality or profit generation will not take precedence over the nutritional needs of the students. If subsidy of the child nutrition fund is needed, it will not be from the sale of foods that have minimal nutritional value and/or compete nutritionally with program meals.
- The child nutrition program will ensure that all students have affordable access to the varied and nutritious foods they need to stay healthy and learn well.
- The school will strive to increase participation in the available federal Child Nutrition programs (e.g. school lunch, school breakfast, and after-school snack).
- Employ a food service director who is properly qualified according to current professional standards, to administer the school food service program and satisfy reporting requirements.
- All food service personnel shall have adequate pre-service training in food service operations.
- All reimbursable school meals will meet the USDA standards, program requirements and nutrition standards set forth under the 7 CFR Part 210 and Part 220.
- PHYSICAL ACTIVITY
Physical Activity Goals
- The primary goal for a school’s physical activity component is to provide opportunities for every student to develop the knowledge and skills for specific physical activities, maintain physical fitness, regularly participate in physical activity, and understand the short- and long-term benefits for a physically active and healthy lifestyle.
- Students should be given opportunities for physical activity during the school day through daily recess periods or elective physical activity built into the academic curriculum.
- Adequate equipment is available for all students to participate in physical education. Physical activity facilities on school grounds will be safe.
- The schools provide a physical and social environment that encourages safe and enjoyable activity for all students, including those who are not athletically gifted.
- Physical education courses will be the environment where students learn, practice and are assessed on developmentally appropriate motor skills, social skills and knowledge.
- Hiring practices shall ensure that state-certified physical education instructors teach all physical education classes.
Daily Physical Education
- Physical education is required for grades K-8 at least 3 times per week.
- 1 unit is required for grades 9-12.
- Engages students in moderate to vigorous activity during at least 50 percent of physical education class time.
- Elementary schools must provide recess for all students that are at least 15 minutes long per day.
- Recess encourages moderate to vigorous physical activity verbally and through the provision of space and equipment.
- When activities, such as mandatory school-wide testing, make it necessary for students to remain indoors for long periods of time, schools should give students periodic breaks, which they are encouraged to stand and be moderately active.
Physical Activity and Punishment
- Employees will be discouraged from withholding opportunities for physical activity (e.g., recess, physical education) as punishment.
OTHER SCHOOL BASED ACTIVITIES
- After-school programs will encourage physical activity and healthy habits.
- The district will provide on-going professional training and development for foodservice staff and teachers in the areas of nutrition and physical education.
- The district will encourage parents that when they send lunches from home to pack healthy lunches and snacks and to refrain from including beverages and foods that do not meet the established nutrition standards for individual foods and beverages.
- The district will suggest to teachers that when arranging a classroom party that children are assigned foods and amount so that an excess of unhealthy foods are not brought into the classroom.
PLAN FOR MEASURING IMPLEMENTATION
The superintendent will ensure compliance with established school district-wide nutrition and physical activity wellness policies.
In each school:
- The principal will ensure compliance with those policies in the school and will report on the school’s compliance to the superintendent.
- Food service staff, at the school or school district level, will ensure compliance with nutrition policies within food service areas and will report on this matter to the principal.
In the school district:
- The school district will report on the most recent USDA School Meals Initiative (SMI) review findings and any resulting changes.
- Based on input from schools with the school district, the superintendent will develop a summary report every three years on school district-wide compliance with the school district’s established nutrition and physical activity wellness policies.
- The report will be provided to the school board.
Assessments of each school’s existing nutrition and physical activity environments and practices will be compiled at the school district level to identify and prioritize needs every three years to help review policy compliance, assess progress and determine areas in need of improvement. As part of that review, the school district will review the nutrition and physical activity policies and practices and the provision of an environment that supports healthy eating and physical activity. The school district, and individual schools with the school district will, revise the wellness policies and develop work plans to facilitate their implementation.